Monday, 27 January 2020

Must know Airlayering, a way for Afforestation

Airlayering is a procedure to grow the roots on a stem or branch of a particular plant or tree.

Tried Airlayering on henna plant.
The pictures are listed below.

•  Firstly, removed the outer bark of the henna plant using knife.
•  Before removing, make sure the knife is clean.
•  After that scratch untill you find the dark and centre of the branch.
•  Then clean it with water.
•  Make a dough ball, using cowdung and topsoil.
•  stick the dough ball to the branch.
•  And cover the dough with the plastic cover.
•  Make sure to tightly tie the plastic cover to avoid inlet of insects.
•  wait for 30 days to 45 days. until you see roots growing in it.
•  Here in henna plant, I watched roots growing on 26th day. However I separated the branch on 30th day.
•  on evening I separated it. Kept the branch in water.
•  The next day morning I planted it in the soil. But it has dried.
•  Asked suggestions with other Airlayering experts. They advised to not wait for planting after separating the #airlayered branch from plant.

Failed in first attempt.

On December 31st airlayered gauva tree branch.

On January 1st airlayered Neem tree Branch.

Still not able to see roots on both the tree branches. Will wait and update to you soon.

#airlayering #abcdfarming




Saturday, 21 December 2019

Sweet potato grown from root slices

Finally succeeded in growing sprouts from the sweet potato cuttings.
Failed in few attempts.



Method we followed to grow sweet potato sprouts:

* Purchased sweet potato from the local farmer market nearby.
* Made sweet potato into few pieces with nodes using knife.
* Folded the sweet potato peices with wet gunny bag.
* Left it until we saw little green sprout on the nodes.
* After that planted in the soil. (Loosen the soil before planting)
* The below image showing 20 days sprout after transplanting.
* This was the big peice of sweet potato, thus many nodes with sprouts.

Methods which have failed

* Purchased sweet potato in market and made into peices by hand. After that
directly covered root with top soil. watered the roots. But didnt grown. They
have wilted and decomposed. Dont know might be due to rain or tight soil or due
to slugs.

Solutions for slugs to avoid consuming sprouts

Solution for slugs

Sown different types of native variety seeds in a single row. Sprouted well. But the slugs consumed the sprouts. 


Searched solutions to eliminate the slugs from farm.  Tried sprinkling salt around the plants but in vain. Nearby neighbour was using snail kill, a chemical product to get rid of slugs. 


Using a chemical product was not my aim. I tried every possible organic solution to get rid of slugs but in vain. I purchased the product and crushed them into small pieces. Sprinkled them and the next day the slugs were dead. 


There were more than hundred slugs dead. 

Note: If anyone would like to contribute an organic solution to get rid of these slugs. You are welcome...!

Like previous year, this time planting sown pumpkin 
and bottle gourd in the same row. This time too no till
farm. just cleared the weeds. when clearing the weeds and dried pumpkin shoots and bottle gourds, saw the weeds were decomposed without receiveing the sunlight as pumpkin and  bottle gourd took over them. Pumpkin seems to be one
of

the crop in suppressing the weeds. 

Previos year i would not able to post all the details from
sowing, manuring, pests, pruning, marketing from 25 bottle
gourd and 15 pumpkin plants. But, this time would like to
share each and every thing from sowing to harvest.

Friday, 15 November 2019

Review on Beema Bamboo


About Beema Bamboo

• Beema Bamboo is a throneless variety.

• The Bio mass and Rigidity is more compared to other Bamboo varieties.

• The hallow in the middle of the Bamboo is less.

• Yeild of the Beema Bamboo is nearly 50 tons from 4th year consecutively.

• After 4th year you can harvest Beema bamboo every year. The yeild increases in consecutive days.

• As it is a thornless variety, harvest made easy.

Below is a image of Beema bamboo cut into peices.


Cultivation of Beema Bamboo:

• The land should be cleared and dig 3ft height and 3 feet width rows.

• Farm yard manure and Top soil mixed well.

• Plant the Beema Bamboo saplings at distance 10 feet x 10 feet. Can purchase Beema Bamboo saplings at the Rs.30 per sapling.

• The company recommends to plant 1000 saplings per acre.

• The NPK 19:19:19 fertigation is used from bamboo growth.

• Weeding should be undertaken.

• Every 3 to 4 days water should be irrigated.

Yeild and Income:

• After three years of planting, we can harvest Beema bamboo.

• Expected yeild per acre after 3 years is 40 tons.

• Market price per ton ranges from 4k to 5.5k

• Expected Income excluding the maintenance expenses will be around 1Lakh to 1.5 Lakh.

• Second harvest starts in 4th year, the expected yeild is 50 tons.

• After 3 years, every year we can harvest bamboo and yeild will increase consecutively as new clums come up.

Courtesy:
Growmore BioTech,
Hosur

Review:

One can adopt Beema bamboo who has more acreage.

One who is looking to develop low maintenance farms.