Monday, 16 February 2015

What is composting, types of composting, uses of composting

Composting

Composting is method to convert the wastes into humus rich manure for
improving the fertility and productivity of soil. It’s very simple and apt for the
small holder farmers. During the process of composting the biodegradable
wastes like crop residues, weeds, leaf litter, animal wastes etc are
scientifically transformed into manure which is called as compost. The
compost is rich in beneficial soil microorganisms, provides the nutrition to the
crops and improves the structure and texture of the soil.


Benefits of composting

Compost provides many benefits as a soil amendment and source of organic
matter by improving soil biological, chemical, and physical characteristics viz.,


  1. Increases microbial activity
  2. Enhances plant disease suppression
  3. Increases soil fertility
  4. Increases cation exchange capacity
  5. Improves soil structure in clayey soils
  6. Improves water retention in sandy soils
  7. Reduces bioavailability of heavy metals
Types of composting
There are different methods of composting which are practiced across the
world, the simple and efficient methods are,
a) Heap method
b) Aerobic composting
c) Vermicomposting

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